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Consider a relation R with attributes ABCDEF. You are given the following dependencies A -> B, E -> D, BD -> C.

- Attribute closure of E?
- Attribute closure of BE?
- Attribute closure of AF?
- Attribute closure of AD?
- Attribute closure of ABCDEF?
- Identify which, if any, of the above are candidate keys.

Consider a relation R with attributes ABCDE. You are given the following dependencies AC -> B, AC -> D, AC -> E.

- List all (candidate) keys for R.
- Is R in 3NF? Why or why not?
- Is R in BCNF? Why or why not?

- List all (candidate) keys for R.
Consider a relation R with attributes ABCDE. You are given the following dependencies A -> C, BC -> A, BC -> D, BC -> E.

- List all (candidate) keys for R.
- Is R in 3NF? Why or why not?
- Is R in BCNF? Why or why not?

- List all (candidate) keys for R.
Consider a relation R with attributes ABCDE. You are given the following dependencies E -> A, E -> B, A -> D, E -> C, E -> D.

- List all (candidate) keys for R.
- Is R in 3NF? Why or why not?
- Is R in BCNF? Why or why not?

- List all (candidate) keys for R.
- Suppose that we have the following three tuples in a legal
instance of a relation schema S with attributes primary_key, A, B and C. (The primary_key field contains the primary key of the table. The 'attribute names' column is not part of the relation; it is only there to name rows and columns so your answers can clearly discuss them.)

*attribute names*primary_key A B C *tuple 1*1 4 1 6 *tuple 2*2 2 3 6 *tuple 3*3 8 2 3

- For each of the following dependencies, can you infer whether or
*not*it holds over schema S? Why or why not?- A -> C
- C -> A

- A -> C
- Can you identify any functional dependencies that hold over fields A, B and / or C? If so, please name one.
(N.B. primary_key is

**not**on the list of A, B and / or C. FDs involving the primary_key field should not be in your answer.)

- For each of the following dependencies, can you infer whether or
- Suppose you are given a relation R(A, B, C, D).
For each of the following sets of FDs, assume they are the only dependencies that
hold for R. Do the following: a) identify the candidate key(s) for R. b) State
whether or not the proposed decomposition of R into smaller relations is a good
decomposition and briefly explain why or why not.
- A -> B, B -> C, B -> D; decompose into AB and ACD.
- Candidate keys:
- Analysis:
- C -> A, D -> ABC; decompose into AC and BCD.
- Candidate keys:
- Analysis:
- AB -> C, D -> B; decompose into ABC and BD.
- Candidate keys:
- Analysis:
- A -> C, D -> B; decompose into AC and BD.
- Candidate keys:
- Analysis:

- Suppose you are given a relation R with attributes ABCDEF. You are given
functional dependencies F -> E, A -> B, A -> C, and C -> D. Using the decomposition techniques
described in class, decompose this relation into relations in "good" normal forms.
For each of the new relations you create, identify the normal form it is in.
If you choose not to decompose the relations into the best normal form we discussed, explain why you made that choice. If there are any interesting issues or potential problems with your decomposition, explain what they are.